Located approximately 245 km south of Cairo on the Western
Bank of the Nile River which flows north through the city, Minia occupies the
floodplain of the Nile River and extends for about 120 km along the river. It
also extends out toward the oases in the Western Desert. Because of its
strategic location in Middle Egypt as a vital link between the north and the
south of Egypt, the citizens of Minia surnamed it "Bride of Upper
On both its Eastern and Western sides, Minia is surrounded by two ranges of
mountains and, while falling away from seaside, the city acquired the property
of a continental climate. Thus, the weather is harsh and chilly cold in winter
yet very hot and not humid in summer.
Beni-Hassan - the location of fascinating tombs of the Middle
Amarna - site of the short-lived capital of the "heretic
pharaoh" Akhenaten, best known for its rock-cut tombs
Beni Hasan is a small village and an important archaeological site
approximately 20 km south of the city of Minia. Located on the Eastern Bank of
the Nile River, this interesting site consists of "rock-cut" tombs
overlooking the river valley with magnificent views. The necropolis of Beni
Hasan consists of 39 tombs carved and decorated in an ideal spot in the
limestone cliffs. The "chapel-tombs" of Beni-Hassan became the only
remnant of this era of power and wealth. They are extremely important because
their walls reveal more information about life in Egypt 4 thousand years ago
more than any other monument in Egypt. In fact they provide more insight about
daily life in Egypt than about the rulers who constructed them.
Amarna (Al-Amarna) is a significant archaeological site in the
governorate of Minia. It is located between the Eastern Bank of the Nile River
and the high plateau of the Eastern Desert, approximately 58 km south of the
city of Minia, 402 km north of Luxor and 312 km south of Cairo.
Cairo is the only city in the world that hosts
antiquities of four civilizations: Pharaonic, Romanian, Christian and Islamic.
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